The agricultural transition in Central and Eastern Europe and the former USSR

A. Braverman, K. M. Brooks, C. Csaki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first section of the book includes two papers covering the historical and conceptual background of issues central to the subsequent papers. Johnson discusses the etiology of socialist agrarian institutions. Stiglitz uses insights derived from the economics of information to evaluate the paradigm of the market economy that provides the end point of the transition. The international environment in which the Central and Eastern European and Soviet transition is occurring is addressed by the four papers presented in Part 2 of the volume. Schuh examines the pervasive role of government in agriculture in developed market economies. Johnson examines the international agricultural markets in which the countries of the Central and Eastern European and Eurasian region will participate in new ways. Developments in the international agricultural economy will have a greater effect on the national economies than in the past. Part 3 of the volume turns to three crucial internal components of the transition. Property relations, pricing, and financing each present major dilemmas. In Part 4 the authors turn to experiences in individual countries to evaluate the agenda and progress of the agricultural transition. The papers in Part 4 can be loosely described as country case studies. Their authors discuss not only the actual problems and historical reference but provide direct linkages to the further tasks of transformation. The last part of the volume includes two papers presenting relevant experience from Israel and China. The cooperative experience of Israel discussed by Kislev contains important lessons for Central and Eastern Europe. In China, the reform process is still occurring within the framework of the communist political system; the basic institutions and principles of central planning have not been modified. At the farm level the pace of change has been more rapid and its scope more complete than anywhere in Central and Eastern Europe. -from Editors

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe agricultural transition in Central and Eastern Europe and the former USSR
PublisherWorld Bank
ISBN (Print)0821323229, 9780821323229
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1993

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