The association of chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) with anxiety and depression: a nationwide cohort study

Dana Tzur Bitan, Daniella Berzin, Arnon Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a dermatological disease associated with significant impairment of overall quality of life as well as psychological distress. Previous studies have demonstrated significant comorbidity between CSU and a wide range of mental illnesses. In this study we aimed to focus on the association between CSU and anxiety and depression, using an optimized matched controlled design. A nationwide matched control study was conducted using the Clalit Health Services (CHS) database. The study included 12,539 CSU patients and 60,510 age and sex matched controls. Three multiple logistic regression models were conducted to assess the association between CSU and anxiety and depression, while adjusting for age, sex, socioeconomic status (SES), diabetes, obesity, hypertension, and smoking status. A higher frequency of anxiety and depression was found in CSU patients compared to that in controls (anxiety frequency of 9.6% vs. 5.7%, p < 0.001; depression frequency of 11% vs 7.9%, p < 0.001, respectively) after adjustment for demographic and clinical factors. The association of CSU with anxiety was the strongest in the 18–29 age group, and in the high SES group, while the association of CSU with depression was the highest in the 50–69 age group, and in the low SES group. Chronic spontaneous urticaria is associated with anxiety and depression. In light of the clinical implications of a comorbid mental disorder, dermatologists should consider employing mental health screening procedures, especially for patients from specific risk groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-39
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Dermatological Research
Volume313
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Chronic spontaneous urticaria
  • Cohort
  • Depression
  • Obesity
  • Smoking

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