The augmenting role of biofeedback: Effects of autogenic, imagery and music training on physiological indices and athletic performance

Boris Blumenstein, Michael Bar-Eli, Gershon Tenenbaum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, three psychoregulative procedures of relaxation and excitation were provided in combination with biofeedback to examine their role on physiological and athletic performance variables. Thirty-nine college students were randomly assigned to three groups of psychoregulatory treatment (autogenic and imagery training, AT + IT; music and imagery training, M + IT; autogenic, music and imagery training, AT + M + IT), one placebo group and the control group. Imagery was related to a 100-m run. The treatment and control conditions lasted 13 sessions of 20 min each. During the first seven sessions, the subjects in the treatment groups underwent 10 min of relaxation followed by 10 min of excitation. During the last six sessions, similar treatment was provided accompanied by frontalis EMG biofeedback. Heart rate, the galvanic skin response, EMG and breathing frequency (fb) were recorded three times during each session. In addition, an athletic task (100-m run) was examined at the outset, after seven sessions (no biofeedback) and after an additional six sessions (with biofeedback). Biofeedback was found to have a significant augmenting effect on physiological components and athletic performance when accompanied by autogenic, imagery and music training. Soft music was found to be as beneficial as other relaxation techniques. The results are compared with similar studies applying mental techniques with biofeedback, and new directions of investigation in the psychophysiological domain are suggested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-354
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Athletic task
  • Autogenic
  • EMG biofeedback
  • Imagery and music training
  • Physiological components

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The augmenting role of biofeedback: Effects of autogenic, imagery and music training on physiological indices and athletic performance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this