The Bethe-Salpeter Equation for Spin-1 Particles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We develop here the general treatment of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the bound state of two spin-1 particles interacting through an electromagnetic interaction. The treatment here, which can be generalized to strong interactions, combines the two-component approach utilized previously by the author in conjunction with spontaneous symmetry breaking. This is done by using a Lagrangian having SU(2) × U(1) symmetry (without fermions) and then choosing the 't Hooft gauge. In this way, a renormalizable theory for the interaction of two spin-1 particles via an electromagnetic interaction is ensured.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalFoundations of Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Philosophy
  • History and Philosophy of Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The Bethe-Salpeter Equation for Spin-1 Particles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this