The birth, life and death of an Iron Age house at Tel ‘Eton, Israel

Avraham Faust, Hayah Katz, Yair Sapir, Assaf Avraham, Ofer Marder, Guy Bar-Oz, Ehud Weiss, Chen Auman-Chazan, Anat Hartmann-Shenkman, Tehila Sadiel, Oren Vilnay, Michael Tsesarsky, Pariente Sarah, Oren Ackermann, Natasha Timmer, Ofir Katz, Dafna Langgut, Mordechay Benzaquen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using a biographic-like approach, this article presents the initial results of the study of an elite Iron Age house at Tel ‘Eton, from its conception, through its birth and life, to its death and decomposition. Massive preparations preceded the construction of the house, and the latter incorporated continuous foundations, and quality building materials, including ashlar stones. The building was pre-planned, and some of the original rooms had two doorways leading to them, in order to enable easy future sub-division, without endangering the structure's physical integrity. The house evolved over the years, and its inner division changed overtime, reflecting the changes in the life-cycle of the extended family that lived in it. The house was destroyed in heavy conflagration in the late 8th century BC; hundreds of artifacts and complete vessels were unearthed below and within the debris, allowing for a detailed reconstruction of the use of space within the building on the eve of its destruction and the processes that accompanied its destruction (perhaps even ‘execution’), and subsequent collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-173
Number of pages38
JournalLevant
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 4 May 2017

Keywords

  • construction
  • destruction
  • four-room houses
  • household archaeology
  • use of Space

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • History
  • Archaeology

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