The Bologna Process in Israel as a reflection of EU-Israel relations

Hila Zahavi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The objective of this article is to examine the Israeli perceptions towards the Bologna Process as well as outline its reactions to it. Specifically, the article investigates the landscape of interests among Israeli policy-makers (from both political and institutional levels) in relation to the European higher education reforms. Through interviews with policy-makers and a qualitative analysis of official documents and political discussions, the article also follows how the response to Bologna in Israel has developed, and how the Bologna Process was perceived in Israel. Relying on the theoretical frameworks of normative power and external perceptions, the article elaborates how the Bologna Process’ trajectory in Israel reflects a wider picture of EU-Israeli relations, and Israeli perceptions of Europe and the EU. The study contributes to the discussion of the use of European higher education policies as a tool in foreign policy, as part of the tool kit of Europe's normative power. Thus, the article calls to enhance research of higher education and other ‘soft policy’ areas in the study of foreign policy and international relations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-117
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Higher Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2019


  • Bologna Process
  • Israel-EU relations
  • external perceptions
  • higher education policies
  • normative power

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'The Bologna Process in Israel as a reflection of EU-Israel relations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this