The burnout measure, short version

Ayala Malach-Pines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

340 Scopus citations


The Burnout Measure (BM; Pines & Aronson, 1988) is a widely used self-report measure of burnout. It includes 21 items, evaluated on 7-point frequency scales, assessing the level of an individual's physical, emotional, and mental exhaustion. In this article, a shorter, 10-item version of the BM (BMS) is described that was developed in response to researchers' and practitioners' need for an easy-to-use instrument requiring less questionnaire space and less time for administration and scoring. Data from 2 national samples (Israeli Jewish and Arab) and 3 occupational samples attest to the validity and reliability of the BMS. Its ease of use and high face validity make the BMS attractive for researchers and practitioners interested in stress management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-88
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Stress Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2005


  • Burnout assessment
  • Burnout measure
  • Short version

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • General Business, Management and Accounting
  • Applied Psychology
  • General Psychology


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