The conjoint community resiliency assessment measure as a baseline for profiling and predicting community resilience for emergencies

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Abstract

Community resilience is a term that describes the community's ability to function amidst crises or disruptions. Community resilience is perceived as a fundamental element in emergency preparedness and as a mean of ensuring social stability in the face of crises, including disasters. However, there is a paucity of empiric evidence for this conjecture. This paper demonstrates the use of the Conjoint Community Resilience Assessment Measurement (CCRAM) for estimating the ability of a community to be resilient in the face of disaster. Six factors of community resilience were identified based on a study conducted in nine small to medium size towns (N = 886): Leadership, collective efficacy, preparedness, place attachment, social trust and social relationship. Multiple logistic regressions yielded the CCRAM protective factors for perceived community resilience. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis confirmed the quality of the CCRAM as a diagnostic tool for perceived community resilience. The CCRAM tool is presented as a potential provider of information for authorities and decision makers as an aid for foreseeing and planning towards the challenges present during emergency times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1732-1741
Number of pages10
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Volume80
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2013

Keywords

  • CCRAM
  • CR
  • Community resilience
  • Emergency preparedness
  • Emergency response

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