The context and profile of teachers in developing countries in the last decade: A revealing discussion for further investigation

Izhar Oplatka

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose - The aim of this paper is to examine the teacher's career in developing countries based on a review of studies published in refereed journals of comparative education and of teaching education, and to suggest further lines of research on teaching and teachers in these countries. Design/methodology/approach - The paper is based partially on a systematic review of 13 English-language papers that have been published in peer-reviewed journals in educational administration, teaching education, and comparative education. Findings - The review shows that teaching seems to be a kind of default or a supplementary form of income, from which male members seek constantly to escape, and many teachers are described as holding low qualifications with limited opportunities to participate in in-service trainings. Teaching is characterised in terms of knowledge-transmission, adherence to prescribed curriculum and textbooks, summative assessment of student achievements, and conservativeness. Practical implications - Future directions for further exploration of this area of study are suggested (e.g. exploring teacher career in developing countries, understanding professional needs). Originality/value - Despite the central role of teachers in the social and economic development of their societies, our knowledge base of the career of teachers in developing countries is limited and inchoate. The paper, then, is an initial attempt to accumulate our knowledge about the life and work of schoolteachers in developing countries, and to suggest directions for future research on these issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)476-490
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Management
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2007

Keywords

  • Careers
  • Developing countries
  • Educational administration
  • Teachers

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