The crystal structure of amyloid precursor–like protein 2 E2 domain completes the amyloid precursor protein family

Laila C. Roisman, Sen Han, Mun Joo Chuei, Andrea R. Connor, Roberto Cappai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The amyloid precursor–like protein 2 (APLP2) molecule is a type I transmembrane protein that is crucial for survival, cell-cell adhesion, neuronal development, myelination, cancer metastasis, modulation of metal, and glucose and insulin homeostasis. Moreover, the importance of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) family in biology and disease is very well known because of its central role in Alzheimer disease. In this study, we determined the crystal structure of the independently folded E2 domain of APLP2 and compared that with its paralogues APP and APLP2, demonstrating high overall structural similarities. The crystal structure of APLP2 E2 was solved as an antiparallel dimer, and analysis of the protein interfaces revealed a distinct mode of dimerization that differs from the previously reported dimerization of either APP or APLP1. Analysis of the APLP2 E2 metal binding sites suggested it binds zinc and copper in a similar manner to APP and APLP1. The structure of this key protein might suggest a relationship between the distinct mode of dimerization and its biologic functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5076-5081
Number of pages6
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • APLP2
  • Copper
  • Dimerization
  • X-ray macromolecule structure
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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