In 14 species of Aegilops, four species of Triticum and two species of Hordeum, a complex of rare phenolic compounds was found and showed quantitative differences between the wild and domestic species. There was a dramatic reduction in the cultivars to about 5% of the amount of these phenolic constituents. In the wild species these phenolic compounds may act as important germination regulators, such as water-dissolving germination inhibitors which may act as ‘rain gauges’. This is especially important for the germination at the appropriate time in species inhabiting arid regions or deserts.
- Aegilops spp
- Triticum spp
- germination inhibitors and regulators
- phenol content