The effect of annealing on the elastoplastic and viscoelastic responses of isotactic polypropylene

Aleksey D. Drozdov, Jesper De C. Christiansen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Observations are reported on isotactic polypropylene (i) in a series of tensile tests with a constant strain rate on specimens annealed for 24 h at various temperatures in the range from 110 to 150 °C, (ii) in two series of creep tests in the subyield region of deformations on samples not subjected to thermal treatment and on specimens annealed at 140 °C, and (iii) in a series of tensile relaxation tests on non-annealed specimens. Constitutive equations are derived for the elastoplastic and non-linear viscoelastic responses of semicrystalline polymers. A polymer is treated as an equivalent transient network of macro-molecules bridged by junctions (physical cross-links, entanglements and lamellar blocks). The network is assumed to be highly heterogeneous, and it is thought of as an ensemble of meso-regions with different activation energies for separation of strands from temporary nodes. The elastoplastic behavior is modelled as sliding of junctions in meso-domains with respect to their reference positions driven by macro-deformation. The viscoelastic response is attributed to detachment of active strands from temporary junctions and attachment of dangling chains to the network. Constitutive equations for isothermal deformations with small strains are derived by using the laws of thermodynamics. Adjustable parameters in the stress-strain relations are found by fitting the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-422
Number of pages20
JournalComputational Materials Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Annealing
  • Elastoplasticity
  • Isotactic polypropylene
  • Non-linear viscoelasticity
  • Semicrystalline polymer
  • Temporary network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Computational Mathematics


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