The distribution of the mode I stress intensity factor (SIF), resulting from autofrettage, along the fronts of radial, semi-elliptical surface cracks pertaining to large uniform arrays of unequal-depth cracks emanating at the bore of an overstrained thick-walled cylinder is studied. The three-dimensional analysis is based on the "two-crack depth level model" previously proposed and is performed via the finite element method employing singular elements along the crack front. The autofrettage residual stress field is simulated using an equivalent thermal load. The distribution of KIA, the stress intensity factor due to autofrettage, for numerous uneven array configurations bearing n= n1+n2 = 8-128 cracks, a wide range of crack depth-to-wall thickness ratios, a1 \t=0.01-0.4, and various crack ellipticities, a1/c1=0.3-1.5, are evaluated for a cylinder of radii ratio R0/Ri = 2. The results clearly indicate that unevenness, as reflected in KIA distribution, depends on all three parameters (i.e., the number of cracks in the array, cracks' depth, and cracks' ellipticity). The "interaction range" for the different combinations of crack arrays and crack depths is then evaluated. The range of influence between adjacent cracks on the maximal SIF, K A max, is found to be dependent on the density of the array, as reflected in the intercrack aspect ratio, as well as on the cracks ' ellipticity.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Transactions of the ASME|
|State||Published - 1 Nov 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering