The effect of cognitive and somatic psyching-up techniques on isokinetic leg strength performance

Gershon Tenenbaum, Michael Bar-Eli, Jay R. Hoffman, Roni Jablonovski, Shraga Sade, David Shitrit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


This study compared the effects of both cognitive and somatic psyching-up techniques on isokinetic strength performance. The subjects, 45 non-strength-trained men (ages 24.7 ± 3.6 yrs), were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Positive statements (PS-cognitive), relaxation-visualization and autogenic training (RVA-somatic), or control (no treatment). Knee extensor strength was measured on an isokinetic dynamometer before and after four sessions of psychological intervention. The control group showed a significantly greater improvement (39.1%) in peak force than both PS (24.6%, p < 0.05) and RVA (9.0%, p < 0.05) treatment groups. The improvement of peak force observed in PS was significantly greater than that in RVA. Peak power improvements were similar (9.0%, p < 0.05) for all three groups. The results suggest that four sessions of mental preparation techniques in non-strength-trained individuals may hinder optimal strength performance by diverting the individuals' full concentration away from the exercise movement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-7
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes


  • Mental preparation
  • Peak power
  • Resistance training
  • Sport psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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