The effect of endogenous dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate on antibody response to hepatitis B vaccine in neonates

E. Somekh, R. Dagan, A. Hanukoglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: DHEAS, the most abundant steroid secreted by the adrenal cortex, is suggested to have an important role in the development of immune reaction by activating T cell function and increasing antibody response, and has been tried as a vaccine adjuvant in elderly people. Objectives: We examined the correlation between endogenous DHEAS and antibody response in the neonatal period by comparing the serum DHEAS levels with the amount of antibody response against hepatitis B vaccination in neonates. Methods: Vaccine was administered to 12 healthy infants within 24 hours of birth (day 0), and blood specimens were obtained on days 0 and 30 for determination of anti-hepatitis B surface antibody concentration and DHEAS levels. Results: DHEAS levels varied widely (range 0.38-3.70 μg/ml, mean±1SD 2.14±0.98). While we could identify two groups of patients - those with high DHEAS levels (2.90±0.56) and those with lower levels (1.30±0.56) - there was no correlation between DHEAS levels and the antibody response to hepatitis B vaccine (r=-0.05). Conclusions: In neonates, antibody response to hepatitis B vaccine does not correlate with DHEAS serum levels. These results do not support the usage of DHEAS as a vaccine adjuvant in neonates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-202
Number of pages3
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume2
Issue number3
StatePublished - 12 Sep 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • DHEAS
  • Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Immune response
  • Neonates

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