The effect of epidural analgesia on labor progress and outcome in nulliparous women

Hanny Pal O'Hana, Amalia Levy, Amit Rozen, Lev Greemberg, Yoram Shapira, Eyal Sheiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. The present study was designed to investigate the influence of epidural analgesia on labor progress and outcome in nulliparous women. Methods. A population-based study comparing women with and without epidural analgesia was conducted. Deliveries occurred during 1988-2006 at the Soroka University Medical Center. A multivariable logistic regression model with backward elimination was constructed to control for confounders. Results. During the study period there were 39 498 deliveries; epidural analgesia was given in 9960 (25.2%) of these. Using a multivariable analysis with backward elimination, the following conditions were significantly associated with the use of epidural analgesia: advanced maternal age, oligohydramnios, premature rupture of membranes, induction of labor, and Jewish (vs. Bedouin) ethnicity. These patients were more likely to deliver by cesarean delivery (CD; OR=1.4, 95% CI 1.3-1.5; p<0.001) and vacuum extraction (OR=1.5, 95% CI 1.4-1.7; p<0.001). After controlling for possible confounders such as macrosomia, failed induction, hypertensive disorders, gestational diabetes, maternal age, labor dystocia, and ethnicity, epidural analgesia was not found to be an independent risk factor for CD but rather a protective factor (OR=0.9, 95% CI 0.8-0.9; p=0.038). When vacuum extraction was the outcome variable, epidural analgesia was documented as an independent risk factor (OR=1.1, 95% CI 1.01-1.3; p=0.04). Conclusions. Epidural analgesia in nulliparous parturients increases the risk for labor dystocia and accordingly is an independent risk factor for vacuum extraction. Nevertheless, it does not pose an independent risk for cesarean delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-521
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cesarean section
  • Epidural analgesia
  • Instrument delivery
  • Nulliparous women
  • Progress of labor

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