The effect of HIV/AIDS prevention intervention for Israeli adolescents in residential centers: Results at 12-month follow-up

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Abstract

The research reported in this article assessed the effect of a cognitive - behavioral program to prevent HIV/ AIDS among 139 adolescents in residential centers in Israel. Sixty-one adolescents underwent an intensive HIV/AIDS-prevention intervention program (treatment group), and 78 adolescents did not receive this treatment (control group). Self-report instruments were used to assess the participants' knowledge, attitude, coping skills, and behavior about HIV/AIDS before the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and 12 months later. The intervention had a significant effect on the treatment group's knowledge about HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards prevention, and coping with HIV/AIDS-related high-risk situations. The changes were still evident at the 12-month follow-up. In addition, at follow-up participants in the treatment group were 2.5 times more likely to have vaginal sex with a condom than the control group participants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-85
Number of pages15
JournalSocial Work Research
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2001

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cognitive-behavioral model
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Juvenile delinquents
  • Prevention
  • Residential centers

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