The effect of impurities on the viscoelastic response of polycarbonate reinforced with short glass fibers

A. D. Drozdov, A. Al-Mulla, R. K. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Observations are reported in oscillatory torsion tests at room temperature on unfilled and fiber-reinforced polycarbonates melt-blended with impurities (acronitrile-butadiene-styrene, high-impact polystyrene, low-density polyethylene, poly(ethylene terephthalate) and Nylon 6,6). Constitutive equations are derived for the viscoelastic behavior of glassy polymers. With reference to the theory of cooperative relaxation, a polymer is treated as an ensemble of meso-regions with arbitrary shapes and sizes. The time-dependent response of the ensemble is attributed to rearrangement of meso-domains. The rearrangement events occur at random times, when meso-regions are excited by thermal fluctuations. Stress-strain relations are derived by using the laws of thermodynamics. The governing equations are determined by four adjustable parameters that are found by fitting the experimental data. Fair agreement is demonstrated between the observations and the results of numerical simulation. The study focuses on the effects of the concentration of impurities and glass fibers on material parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-234
Number of pages13
JournalMechanics Research Communications
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cooperative relaxation
  • Impurities
  • Oscillatory tests
  • Polycarbonate
  • Short glass fibres

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