The electrical double layer charge and associated dimensional changes of high surface area electrodes as detected by more deflectometry

Yoram Oren, Ilana Glatt, Aminadav Livnat, Oded Kafri, Abraham Soffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Due to the high surface to volume ratio, the interfacial tension of porous solids affects their outer dimensions by a minute, but detectable amount. Changes in the interfacial tension of a high surface area graphite electrode could be monitored adopting the moire deflectometry, a new optical technique for ray deflection mapping, by which the resolution in relative length changes of th e electrode was less than 1 microstrain. The strain vs. potential curves are typically pseudo-parabolic. Within the double layer potential range, their slope is a linear function of the electronic charge delivered to the electrode. Unlike the double layer charge, faradaic currents are not recognized as a strain change of the electrode, thus the method may serve to distinguish between faradaic and double layer processes. Hysteresis takes place in curves of charge or strain vs. electrode potential, but not for charge vs. strain curves. The minimum in the strain-potential plot, attributed to the potential of zero charge occurs at about -350 mV vs. SCE, corresponding to a surface group free carbon (or graphite) electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-71
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume187
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 May 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The electrical double layer charge and associated dimensional changes of high surface area electrodes as detected by more deflectometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this