Background: There is limited information on the epidemiology of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in general and in Middle Eastern populations in particular. The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence and incidence rates of PsA and their temporal trends in the general population in Israel. Methods: In this study, a cohort of adult patients with PsA was derived from the database of Clalit Health Services (CHS), Israel's largest health fund, with over 4.4 million members. The crude and age- and sex-standardized prevalence and incidence rates of PsA from 2006 to 2015 in the general population were calculated. The variation in PsA prevalence was assessed in relation to several demographic factors. Results: Among the 2,931,199 individuals aged 18 years and older registered in the CHS database in 2015, 4490 patients had a diagnosis of PsA (322 incident cases), resulting in overall crude prevalence and incidence rates of 0.153% (95% CI 0.149%, 0.158%) and 10.9 (95% CI 9.8, 12.3) per 100,000 population, respectively. The reported prevalence of PsA in Israel has doubled between 2006 and 2015 (from 0.073% to 0.153%). In contrast, the global incidence rate remained stable, with a gradual increase in incidence among individuals aged 51 to 70 years. PsA is associated with Jewish ethnicity, high socioeconomic status, and higher body mass index. Conclusions: The prevalence and incidence of PsA in Israel are within the range of previous estimates from Southern European populations. An increase in the reported prevalence of PsA was observed over the past decade in the general population in Israel.
- Middle East
- Psoriatic arthritis