The evolutions in time of probability density functions of polydispersed fuel spray—the continuous mathematical model

Shlomo Hareli, Ophir Nave, Vladimir Gol’dshtein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The dynamics of the particle size distribution (PSD) of polydispersed fuel spray is important in the evaluation of the combustion process. A better understanding of the dynamics can provide a tool for selecting a PSD that will more effectively meet the needs of the system. In this paper, we present an efficient and elegant method for evaluating the dynamics of the PSD. New insights into the behaviour of polydispersed fuel spray were obtained. A simplified theoretical model was applied to the experimental data and a known approximation of the polydispersed fuel spray. This model can be applied to any distribution, not necessarily an experimental distribution or approximation, and involves a time-dependent function of the PSD. Such simplified models are particularly helpful in qualitatively understanding the effects of various sub-processes. Our main results show that during the self-ignition process, the radii of the droplets decreased as expected, and the number of smaller droplets increased in inverse proportion to the radius. An important novel result (visualised by graphs) demonstrates that the mean radius of the droplets initially increases for a relatively short period of time, which is followed by the expected decrease. Our modified algorithm is superior to the well-known ‘parcel’ approach because it is much more compact; it permits analytical study because the right-hand sides of the mathematical model are smooth, and thus eliminates the need for a numerical algorithm to transition from one parcel to another. Moreover, the method can provide droplet radii resolution dynamics because it can use step functions that accurately describe the evolution of the radii of the droplets. The method explained herein can be applied to any approximation of the PSD, and involves a comparatively negligible computation time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9739
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number20
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • Numerical analysis
  • Particle size distribution dynamics
  • Polydisperse fuel spray
  • Probability density function dynamics
  • Spray combustion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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