The functional response of infants with persistent wheezing to nebulized beclomethasone dipropionate

C. Maayan, T. Itzhaki, E. Bar‐Yishay, S. Gross, A. Tal, S. Godfrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lung function was measured in nine infants, ages 15‐36 weeks, who had persistent wheezing, apparently following acute bronchiolitis, before and after 2 weeks of treatment with either inhaled nebulized beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) or placebo in a randomized, double blind, crossover trial. The effect of nebulized albuterol (Salbutamol) was measured before and after the steroid treatment. Thoracic gas volume (TGV) and specific airway conductance (SGaw) were determined using a whole body plethysmograph, and forced expiratory flow at resting lung volume (VmaxFRC) was determined with a thoracoabdominal compression jacket. All infants had marked airways obstruction before treatment with mean ± SE VmaxFRC of 24 ± 4% predicted and SGaw of 37 ± 5% predicted. Two weeks of placebo treatment had no significant effect on lung function, but after 2 weeks of BDP inhalation there was a significant rise in SGaw to 61 ± 7% (P < 0.005). VmaxFRC increased to 42 ± 13% but the difference did not reach significance. Respiratory rate and clinical score for retractions and wheezing also fell significantly with BDP therapy (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001 respectively). Albuterol had no effect on lung function either before or during steroid therapy. Steroids may have a role in the management of persistent wheezing following bronchiolitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1986
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • airway resistance
  • bronchiolitis
  • forced expiratory flow
  • whole body plethysmograph

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