The heroic self under stress: Prospective effects on anxious mood in Israeli adults exposed to missile attacks

Haggar Israeli, Shai Itamar, Golan Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three aspects of heroic self-representations have recently been identified: self-as-savior, self-as-conqueror, and heroic-identification (i.e., linking oneself with heroes). In Israeli-Jewish society, heroism represents a convergence of the cultural myth of the Tzabar (the tough New Jew) with manic-narcissistic defenses that replace helplessness with exhilaration. We expected Heroic identification to epitomize the myth of the Tzabar, and thus to confer the greatest stress-related vulnerability. Israeli adults (N = 812) were assessed pre-and-post a prolonged exposure to missile attacks. Heroic identification prospectively predicted increased anxious mood, both as a main effect and under major stressful life events. Self-as-savior predicted an increased anxious mood under high levels of perceived-stress related to the missile attacks. Possible mechanisms of these effects are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-25
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume75
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Heroism
  • Missiles
  • Personality
  • Political-Violence
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology (all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The heroic self under stress: Prospective effects on anxious mood in Israeli adults exposed to missile attacks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this