The impact of hymenectomy on future gynecological and obstetrical outcomes

Eitan Amitai, Yotam Lior, Eyal Sheiner, Oshra Saphier, Elad Leron, Tali Silberstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: Imperforated hymen is a rare condition usually diagnosed at puberty due to amenorrhea accompanied by cyclic pelvic pain and sometimes other significant complications such as hematometra, endometriosis, and infertility. The accepted surgical treatment for imperforate hymen and some other hymenal malformation is hymenectomy. However, given low incidence rates, long-term obstetrical and gynecological outcomes in post-hymenectomy women remain poorly understood. Objective: To investigate long-term obstetrical and gynecological outcomes in nulliparous women who underwent a hymenectomy. Study design: Retrospective study comparing gynecological and perinatal outcomes of nulliparous women with and without hymenectomy, who delivered between the years 1988 and 2015 at the Soroka University Medical Center. Univariate analysis was performed as accepted with multivariate logistic regression model used to assess long-term effects of hymenectomy. Results: During the study period, 56 of 74,598 nulliparous women who delivered at the Soroka University Medical Center had previously undergone a hymenectomy. In a univariate analysis, cesarean deliveries were significantly more prevalent among women who had undergone a hymenectomy (30.4 versus 17.6% p =.01) as were infertility treatments (10.7 versus 4.4% p =.04) and dyspareunia (42.9 versus 0.2% p <.001). In a multivariate logistic regression model hymenectomy was found to be an independent risk factor for significant obstetrical and gynecological outcomes defined as one or more of the following: caesarean deliveries, cervical laceration, vaginal laceration, perineal laceration, preterm delivery, cervical incompetence, endometriosis, infertility, and dyspareunia (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.26–4.93; p =.001). Conclusions: Hymenectomy is associated with significant long-term obstetrical and gynecological complications. Informing medical teams of these risks might promote early detection and minimize associated complications such as laceration-associated blood loss and preterm delivery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1400-1404
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Issue number8
StatePublished - 17 Apr 2020


  • Cesarean sections
  • hematocolpos
  • hematometra
  • imperforate hymen
  • infertility
  • pregnancy outcome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of hymenectomy on future gynecological and obstetrical outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this