The impact of large scale desalination on water quality: An operational perspective

Noa Avni, Moshe Eben-Chaim, Gideon Oron

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

    Abstract

    Israel's water crisis has accelerated the development of alternative water sources. Desalinated sea-water has been accepted as a suitable solution providing the required quantities. Its quality, however, arise major problems, having extremely low concentration of some minerals essential to both plants and humans. Attaining adequate mineral content can be achieved by blending high-mineral with low-mineral content water and/or by adding minerals at different locations in the distribution system. The work develops a management model to supports decision-making in Regional Water Distribution System (RWDS), when quality requirements are to be met. The decisions to be made are water source production and remineralization policy. Applying the model to a part of a RWDS resulted in remineralization policy that combined both blending and mineral addition. The key factors affecting the policy were the distribution system's layout and the different consumers' quality standards.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010
    Subtitle of host publicationChallenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010
    Pages2810-2819
    Number of pages10
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2 Aug 2010
    EventWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Providence, RI, United States
    Duration: 16 May 201020 May 2010

    Publication series

    NameWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change - Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010

    Conference

    ConferenceWorld Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2010: Challenges of Change
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CityProvidence, RI
    Period16/05/1020/05/10

    Keywords

    • Desalination
    • Salt water intrusion
    • Water quality
    • Water shortage

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Water Science and Technology

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