The Influence of Gravity on Contact Angle and Circumference of Sessile and Pendant Drops has a Crucial Historic Aspect

Semih Gulec, Sakshi Yadav, Ratul Das, Vaibhav Bhave, Rafael Tadmor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Normally, pendant drops adapt contact angles that are closer to 90° than their sessile analogues. This is due to the drop's weight that pulls the pendant drop and straightens its contact angles. In this paper, we show a case in which the opposite happens: sessile drops that adapt contact angles that are closer to 90° than their pendant analogues. To achieve these peculiar states, one needs to increase the effective gravity on the drops and then relax it again to 1 g. Apparently, this and other phenomena depend not only on the direction of the gravitational force but also on the drop's history. We show that the drop's contact angle (and resultant area) is affected by two types of histories: short-term history and long-term history. For example, if we gradually increase the effective gravity on the drop, decrease it back to 1 g, and then repeat this cycle again and again, we see that the first cycle is drastically different, whereas other cycles approach a plateau in their behavior. In addition to drop's history, we explain these observations in terms of volume conservation, drop contact area, and pinning effect. This study may be generalized for other body forces such as electrical and magnetic or accelerating systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5435-5441
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume35
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Apr 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry

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