Erosion geometry effects on the mode I stress intensity factor (SIF) for a crack emanating from an erosion's deepest point in a multiply eroded, autofrettaged, pressurized, thick-walled cylinder are investigated. The problem is solved via the finite element method (FEM). Autofrettage, based on von Mises yield criterion, is simulated by thermal loading and SIFs are determined by the nodal displacement method. SIFs are evaluated for a variety of relative crack depths, a0/t=0.01-0.40, and crack ellipticities, a0/c =0.5-1.5, emanating from the tip of erosions of different geometry, namely: (a) semicircular erosions of relative depths of 1-10 percent of the cylinder's wall thickness, t; (b) are erosions for several dimensionless radii of curvature, r′/t = 0.05-0.4; and (c) semielliptical erosions with ellipticities of d/h = 0.3-2.0. The erosion separation angle, α, is taken from 7 to 360 deg. Deep cracks are found to be almost unaffected by the erosion. The effective SIF for relatively short cracks is enhanced by the presence, separation distance and geometry of the erosion, as well as the crack geometry, and may result in a significant decrease in the vessel's fatigue life of up to an order of magnitude.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, Transactions of the ASME|
|State||Published - 1 Feb 2002|