The influence of simulated medication administration learning on the clinical performance of nursing students: A comparative quasi-experimental study

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Abstract

Background: Medication administration is a main role of nurses, and by mastering this skill, medication errors can be reduced. Simulation provides a safe environment for learning and improving medication administration. Simulation design may influence the students' learning curve and ability to transfer skills into the clinical setting. Objective: To examine the influence of simulation-based learning of the medication administration process, on satisfaction, self-perception of preparedness, and clinical performance of students who practice simulation either individually or in a group. Design: A comparative quasi-experimental study. Setting: A public university in southern Israel. Participants: Third-year nursing students in two consecutive academic years (78 in the individual sample and 50 in the group sample). Methods: Nursing students participated in a scenario-based simulation for medication administration either individually or in a group. Self-reported questionnaires evaluated participants' satisfaction with the simulation experience, and perception of preparedness before and after the simulation. Faculty members observed and evaluated participants' medication administration during the simulation and in the clinical setting. Paired t-tests were performed to compare preparedness before and after the simulation experience. Linear regression models were formulated to elicit the predictors of preparedness after simulation and evaluations for medication administration in the clinical setting. Results: The simulation experience increased participants' preparedness both when designed for an individual student and for a group of students. Simulation performance was the main contributor to the participant preparedness among the individual sample (β = 0.51, p < 0.01), whereas previous preparedness was the main contributor among the group sample (β = 0.42, p < 0.01). The association between simulation performance and clinical performance was mediated by preparedness after simulation in the individual sample, but not in the group sample. Conclusions: Simulation improves students' preparedness for medication administration. Individual simulation also impacts clinical performance, via preparedness. Further research is needed to identify other factors that facilitate skills transfer into the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104947
JournalNurse Education Today
Volume103
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Clinical performance
  • Medication administration
  • Nursing education research
  • Quasi-experimental study
  • Simulation
  • Undergraduate nursing students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing (all)
  • Education

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