We calculate the interaction potential between two charged colloids immersed in an aqueous mixture containing salt near or above the critical temperature. We find an attractive interaction far from the coexistence curve due to the combination of preferential solvent adsorption at the colloids' surface and preferential ion solvation. We show that the ion-specific interaction strongly depends on the amount of salt added as well as on the mixture composition. The calculations are in good agreement with recent experiments. For a highly antagonistic salt of hydrophilic anions and hydrophobic cations, a repulsive interaction at an intermediate inter-colloid distance is predicted even though both the electrostatic and adsorption forces alone are attractive.
|Journal||Journal of Chemical Physics|
|State||Published - 21 Apr 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry