The isotopic composition of evaporating waters - Review of the historical evolution leading up to the Craig-Gordon model

Joel R. Gat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Attempts to explain the variations in the abundance of heavy isotopic species of water throughout the hydrologic cycle solely by means of the classical equilibrium-fractionation processes could not be reconciled with measured abundances of the isotopic species in residues of "evaporation systems". Focusing on the evaporation of surface waters, the paper follows the evolution of the concepts during the 1950-ties and early 1960-ties leading up to the formulation of the Craig-Gordan Evaporation Model in 1965.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-9
Number of pages5
JournalIsotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Craig-Gordon model
  • Evaporation
  • Hydrogen-2
  • Isotope effects
  • Oxygen-18
  • Review
  • Water

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