The lethal dose of largemouth bass virus in juvenile largemouth bass and the comparative susceptibility of striped bass

John A. Plumb, Dina Zilberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Largemouth bass virus (LMBV) is an iridovirus that was isolated from wild adult largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides in the southeastern United States in 1994. Although originally isolated from moribund wild fish, its virulence to juvenile largemouth bass is uncertain. To help clarify this point, two LMBV titrations were made in juvenile largemouth bass. Titers of LMBV in fathead minnow cells were 104.8 and 105.8 tissue culture infectious doses— 50% cytopathic endpoint (TCID50) per milliliter, respectively. Tenfold serial dilutions of LMBV employed in each cell culture titration, injected intraperitoneally (0.1 mL/fish) into largemouth bass produced calculated lethal dose—50% mortality endpoints (LD50s) of 282 (102.45) and 288 (102.46) infectious doses in two consecutive infectivity trials. Virus yield of assayed infected fish averaged 108.5 TCID50/g and 107.7 TCID50/g in viscera of moribund and dead fish in the two trials and 106.5 TCID50/g in surviving exposed fish 14 d after infection. In a second experiment, largemouth bass had 100% mortality 5 d after injection while virus immersed fish had a significantly (P ≤ 0.005) lower mortality of 17% at 14 d. Similarly treated juvenile striped bass Morone saxatilis suffered 63% mortality after injection and significantly (P ≤ 0.005) lower mortality of 10% after immersion. In a third study of 25 d, 100% of injected largemouth bass died by 5 d after injection, and all of them were virus-positive. Injected striped bass had a significantly (P ≤ 0.005) lower mortality of 24%; all three fish were virus-positive initially, two fish were virus-positive at 18 d, and none were positive at 25 d. Juvenile largemouth bass were highly susceptible to LMBV injection and striped bass were moderately susceptible, but both species were only mildly susceptible when exposed by immersion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes

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