The mechanism of the dextran-induced red blood cell aggregation

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40 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to clarify the mechanism of dextran-induced aggregation, the effect of the ionic strength (I) on the minimal shear stress (τ c ) required to rupture RBC doublets was studied for suspensions with the external media containing 76 and 298 kDa dextrans. At low and high ionic strengths, τ c increases with increasing I, whereas at intermediate I values, τ c versus I dependencies reveal a plateau step. The non-monotonous shape of these curves disagrees with the depletion model of RBC aggregation and is consistent with the predictions of the bridging mechanism. Literature reports point out that elastic behavior of dextran molecules in low and high I regions is fairly typical of Hookean springs and hence predict an increase in τ c with increasing I. A plateau step is accounted for by the enthalpic component of the dextran elasticity due to the shear-induced chair-boat transition of the dextran's glucopyranose rings. A longer plateau step for suspensions with a higher molecular weight dextran is explained by a larger contribution of the enthalpic component to the dextran elasticity. Thus, the results reported in this study provide evidence that RBC aggregation is caused by the formation of dextran bridges between the cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-94
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Biophysics Journal
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2007

Keywords

  • Bridging
  • Depletion layer models
  • Eythrocyte aggregation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics

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