The molar enthalpies of solution and vapour pressures of saturated aqueous solutions of some cesium salts

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Abstract

Vapour pressures of water over saturated solutions of cesium chloride, cesium bromide, cesium nitrate, cesium sulfate, cesium formate, and cesium oxalate were determined as a function of temperature. These vapour pressures were used to evaluate the water activities, osmotic coefficients and molar enthalpies of vapourization. Molar enthalpies of solution of cesium chloride, ΔsolHm(T = 295.73 K; m = 0.0622 mol • kg -1) = (17.83 ± 0.50) kJ • mol-1; cesium bromide, ΔsolHm(T = 293.99 K; m = 0.0238 mol • kg-1) = (26.91 ± 0.59) kJ • mol-1; cesium nitrate, ΔsolHm(T = 294.68 K; m = 0.0258 mol • kg-1) = (37.1 ± 2.3) kJ • mol-1; cesium sulfate, ΔsolHm(T = 296.43 K; m = 0.0284 mol • kg-1) = (16.94 ± 0.43) kJ • mol-1; cesium formate, ΔsolHm(T = 295.64 K; m = 0.0283 mol • kg-1) = (11.10 ± 0.26) kJ • mol-1 and ΔsolHm(T = 292.64 K; m = 0.0577 mol • kg -1) = (11.56 ± 0.56) kJ • mol-1; and cesium oxalate, ΔsolHm(T = 291.34 K; m = 0.0143 mol • kg-1) = (22.07 ± 0.16) kJ • mol-1 were determined calorimetrically. The purity of the chemicals was generally greater than 0.99 mass fraction, except for HCOOCs and (COOCs)2 where purities were approximately 0.95 and 0.97 mass fraction, respectively. The uncertainties are one standard deviations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-157
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2006

Keywords

  • Cesium salts
  • Molar enthalpies of vapourization and solution
  • Osmotic coefficients
  • Saturated solutions
  • Vapour pressures
  • Water activities

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