The N-terminal domain of the regulatory subunit is sufficient for complete activation of acetohydroxyacid synthase III from Escherichia coli

Sharon Mendel, Michael Vinogradov, Maria Vyazmensky, David M. Chipman, Ze'ev Barak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously proposed a model for the fold of the N-terminal domain of the small, regulatory subunit (SSU) of acetohydroxyacid synthase isozyme III. The fold is an α-β sandwich with βαββαβ topology, structurally homologous to the C-terminal regulatory domain of 3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase. We suggested that the N-terminal domains of a pair of SSUs interact in the holoenzyme to form two binding sites for the feedback inhibitor valine in the interface between them. The model was supported by mutational analysis and other evidence. We have now examined the role of the C-terminal portion of the SSU by construction of truncated polypeptides (lacking 35, 48, 80, 95, or 112 amino acid residues from the C terminus) and examining the properties of holoenzymes reconstituted using these constructs. The Δ35, Δ48, and Δ80 constructs all lead to essentially complete activation of the catalytic subunits. The Δ80 construct, corresponding to the putative N-terminal domain, has the highest level of affinity for the catalytic subunits and leads to a reconstituted enzyme with kcat/KM about twice that of the wild-type enzyme. On the other hand, none of these constructs binds valine or leads to a valine-sensitive enzyme on reconstitution. The enzyme reconstituted with the Δ80 construct does not bind valine, either. The N-terminal portion (about 80 amino acid residues) of the SSU is thus necessary and sufficient for recognition and activation of the catalytic subunits, but the C-terminal half of the SSU is required for valine binding and response. We suggest that the C-terminal region of the SSU contributes to monomer-monomer interactions, and provide additional experimental evidence for this suggestion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-284
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Molecular Biology
Volume325
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2003

Keywords

  • Acetohydroxyacid synthase
  • Domain
  • Feedback inhibition
  • Regulation
  • Truncation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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