The novel analog 1,24(S)-dihydroxyvitamin D2 is as equipotent as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in growth regulation of cancer cell lines

Y. Levy, J. C. Knutson, C. Bishop, S. Shany

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The physiologically active metabolite of the vitamin D seco-steroid hormone, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), is a major regulator of mineral homeostasis. Recent evidence also suggests its role in regulating proliferation and differentiation of cells, including cancer cells. Therapeutic application of 1,25(OH)2D3 to hyperproliferative diseases, such as cancer, is thwarted by its hypercalcemic activity. To overcome this problem, analogs of 1,25(OH)2D3 have been produced which retain growth regulating properties and exhibit decreased hypercalcemic activity. In the present study, the efficacy of the vitamin D2 analog, 1,24(S)-dihydroxyvitamin D2 (1,24(S)-(OH)2D2) in the inhibition of cancer cell proliferation and in inducing differentiation of cancer cells was compared to that of 1,25(OH)2D3. By the [3H]-thymidine incorporation procedure, 1,24(S)-(OH)2D2 is as equipotent as 1,25(OH)2D3 in inhibiting the proliferation of five different cell lines, ROS 17/2.8, the rat osteosarcoma cell line, MCF-7, the human breast cancer cell line, HD-11, the chick bone marrow v myc transformed cell line, HT-29, the human colon cancer cell line and HL-60, the human leukemia cell line. The inhibitory action was dose and time-dependent. The NBT reduction method indicated that 1,24(S)-(OH)2D2 induces the differentiation of the human leukemia cell (HL-60) to the same extent as 1,25(OH)2D3. Notwithstanding the vast similarity between 1,24(S)-(OH)2D2 and 1,25(OH)2D3 with regard to the above activities, they differ in their effects on calcium regulation. In conclusion, the present results encourage the use of 1,24(S)-(OH)2D2 for the treatment of cancer diseases in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1769-1775
Number of pages7
JournalAnticancer Research
Issue number3 A
StatePublished - 1 May 1998


  • 1,24(S)-(OH)D
  • 1,25(OH)D
  • Cancer cells
  • Cell proliferation
  • Vitamin D


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