Infection of plant cells by Agrobacterium leads to activation of specific mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). In a recent paper, Djamei et al. (2007) showed that MAPK-mediated phosphorylation of VirE2-interacting protein 1 (VIP1) is required for its translocation into the host-cell nucleus and for activation of a pathogenesis-related gene, and that Agrobacterium uses the phosphorylated VIP1 to deliver its transfer-DNA molecule into the host cell. These findings join a long line of evidence showing how this clever bacterium has developed ways of using and abusing host biological systems for its own needs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science