The path to a satisfying life among secular and ultra-orthodox individuals: The roles of cultural background, gratitude, and optimism

Pninit Russo-Netzer, Tamar Icekson, Aya Zeiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The present research adopted both an individual and a sociocultural approach to expand previous knowledge of the mechanisms underlying reported variance in life satisfaction. Given the gratitude-oriented lifestyle and daily rituals of the ultra-Orthodox Jewish community, gratitude may serve as a central vehicle to its members’ high reported levels of life satisfaction. Thus, Study 1 explored the mediating role of gratitude through a cross-cultural comparison between ultra-Orthodox and secular samples. Study 2 explored the moderating effect of optimism on the relationship between the sociocultural group and gratitude, which, in turn, affects life satisfaction. Based on two matched samples of ultra-Orthodox and secular individuals, the findings indicate that the relationship between cultural group and life satisfaction was fully mediated by gratitude. Moreover, optimism was found to moderate the relationship between cultural group and gratitude so that the difference in gratitude levels between the two cultural groups was higher for individuals with low levels of optimism. The findings hold significant conceptual and practical implications for a better understanding of life satisfaction and its contributors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Psychology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Cultural background
  • Gratitude
  • Life satisfaction
  • Optimism
  • Religious affiliation
  • Ultra-orthodox

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (all)

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