A cave with two Greek inscriptions and two wall reliefs was discovered on a hill near Kibbutz Beth Guvrin. One inscription mentions the name of Philinos; the other is a vulgar inscription attesting to homosexual intercourse between Philinos and Papias. The reliefs depict a Herm-like shaft and another unclear shape. The name and reliefs have parallels in nearby Maresha, c. 4 km to the south. The Philinos cave is dated to the Hellenistic period and provides evidence of the pagan nature of the area prior to its conversion from Idumaea to Judaea.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Israel Exploration Journal|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2016|
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