The predictive value of markers of fibrinolysis and endothelial dysfunction in the post thrombotic syndrome: A systematic review

Anat Rabinovich, Jacqueline M. Cohen, Susan R. Kahn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The post thrombotic syndrome (PTS) develops in 20-40% of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) patients. Risk factors for PTS have not been well elucidated. Identification of risk factors would facilitate individualised risk assessment for PTS. We conducted a systematic review to determine whether biomarkers of fibrinolysis or endothelial dysfunction can predict the risk for PTS among DVT patients. Studies were identified by searching the electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and Web of science. We included studies published between 1990 and 2013, measured biomarker levels in adult DVT patients, and reported rates of PTS development. Fourteen studies were included: 11 investigated the association between D-dimer and PTS; three examined fibrinogen; two measured von Willebrand factor; one measured plasminogen activator inhibitor-1; one assessed ADAMTS-13 (A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease with Thrombospondin type 1 repeats) and one measured factor XIII activity. Studies varied with regards to inclusion criteria, definition of PTS, time point and method of biomarker measurement. We were unable to meta-analyse results due to marked clinical heterogeneity. Descriptively, a significant association with PTS was found for D-dimer in four studies and factor XIII in one study. Further prospective research is needed to elucidate whether these markers might be useful to predict PTS development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1031-1040
Number of pages10
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume111
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • D-dimer
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Fibrinolysis
  • Post thrombotic syndrome
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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