Background: Acute myocarditis has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation, from subclinical disease to acute heart failure, and sudden cardiac death. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) has been proven effective in early diagnosis of subclinical cardiac injury, however, there is a limited data regarding the right ventricle (RV) involvement among patients with acute myocarditis. Purpose: We evaluated the prevalence of early subclinical RV injury assessed by 2D-STE, among patients with acute myocarditis and preserved left ventricle (LV) function. Methods: We performed a retrospective single-center study at Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, including all adult patients hospitalized with acute myocarditis, who presented with preserved LV function. 2D-STE analysis of the RV was performed offline, assessing both the RV four-chamber longitudinal strain peak systolic (RV4CLS PK) and the free wall longitudinal strain peak systolic (RVFWLS PK). The myocarditis group was compared to a healthy control group. Results: From 2011 to 2020, a total of 90 patients included in the study and were compared to 70 healthy subjects. RV 2D-STE emerged as significantly lower for both the RV4CLS PK (-21.8 ± 4.2 vs. -24.9 ± 4.8, P < 0.001) and RVFWLS PK (-24.7 ± 4.9 vs. -28.4 ± 5, P < 0.001), and remained significant in a multivariate analysis. Conclusion: We presented for the first time the presence of subclinical RV dysfunction, assessed by 2D-STE, in patients diagnosed with acute myocarditis, in the presence of preserved LV function. Further studies are needed to evaluate its’ role in the development of LV dysfunction, heart failure and mortality.
- Right ventricle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine