The psychometric properties of the Hebrew version of Cloninger's Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire

A. H. Zohar, L. Lev-Ari, J. Benjamin, R. Ebstein, P. Lichtenberg, Y. Osher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The Hebrew Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire was administered to over a thousand individuals in the community, 16-78 years of age. Factor analysis was run first on individual items, and then on the 12 sub-scales described by [Cloninger, C.R., Pryzbeck, T.R., & Svrakic, D.M. (1991). The TPQ: US normative data. Psychological Reports, 69, 1047-1051)]. The factor analyses were restricted to four orthogonal factors in order to attempt confirmation of the corrected four-factor solution [Stallings, M.C., Hewitt, J.K., Cloninger, R.C., Heath, A.C., & Eaves, L.J. (1996). Genetic and environmental structure of the TPQ: three or four temperament dimensions? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70 (1), 127-140)]. In the individual item analysis four orthogonal factors recognizable as Novelty Seeking, Reward Dependence, Harm Avoidance and Persistence emerged. However only up to half of the items originally ascribed to each factor loaded sufficiently and exclusively on the appropriate factor. When the 12 sub-scales were entered into factor analysis the four orthogonal factors were produced, and the structure satisfactorily confirmed. A few exceptions to orthogonality were observed. The data were analyzed for sex differences and age effects. Women scored higher than men did on most sub-scales of Harm Avoidance and Reward Dependence. The younger group (up to 21 years of age) scored higher on Novelty Seeking and Reward Dependence and lower on Harm Avoidance than the older group, but no sex by age interaction was detected. Preliminary normative Israeli data are supplied, and implications of the group differences discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1309
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2001


  • Age affect
  • Factor analysis
  • Personality
  • Reliability
  • Sex differences
  • TPQ
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (all)


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