The relation between severe plastic deformation microstructure and corrosion behavior of AZ31 magnesium alloy

G. Ben Hamu, D. Eliezer, L. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

401 Scopus citations


The quest for ever, higher performance in structural applications has resulted in the outgoing development of new or improved materials with novel crystallographic textures, microstructures, and compositions. However, commercial applicability of such materials depends heavily on the development of economical and robust manufacturing methods. Due to the promise of excellent properties, such as superplasticity, high strength, good ductility, enhanced high cycle fatigue life, and good corrosion resistance, interest has grown in nanostructure bulk materials. Those materials are defined most often as materials exhibiting nanocrystalline grain structures and particle sizes below 100 nm in at least one dimension. In recent years, bulk nanostructure materials processed by methods of severe plastic deformation (SPD) such as equal channel angular extrusion (ECAE) have attracted the growing interest of specialists in materials science. The main object of this research is to compare the microstructural changing and corrosion behavior of magnesium alloy AZ31 after extrusion and severe plastic deformation by ECAE process. The ECAE process can produce intense and uniform deformation by simple shear and provides a convenient procedure for introducing an ultra fine grain size into a material. The samples were prepared by using hot extrusion methods. Hardness and AC and DC polarization tests were carried out on the extruded rods, and the microstructure was examined using optical, electron microscopy (SEM, TEM) and EDS. The results showed that the severe plastic deformation process affected both the microstructure and the corrosion behavior of AZ31 Mg alloy. These results can be explained by the effects of the process on microstructure of AZ31 Mg alloy such as grain size and dislocation density caused by the change in recrystallization behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-229
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 22 Jan 2009


  • AZ31 Mg alloy
  • Corrosion
  • Microstructure
  • Plastic deformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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