The relationship between causal attribution and rehabilitation in patients after their first myocardial infarction. A cross cultural study

H. Gilutz, D. Bar-On, E. Billing, N. Rehnquist, N. Cristal

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22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Full rehabilitation of a patient following myocardial infarction (MI) involves resumption of work and the restoration of quality of life. Two groups of patients (87 Israeli and 98 Swedish) were admitted to the CCU and followed up after their first MI. To evaluate the patients' own perception of events ('causal attribution theory'), sequential interviews were scheduled. Physical risk factors correlated poorly with rehabilitation outcome at 6 months. however, two patient clusters were pinpointed according to the patients' subjective explanation of the factors contributing to their MI. These 'causal attribution scores' had a predictive value, independent of culture, age, education, disease severity and depression. It is therefore concluded that evaluation of patient perception may assist in planning intervention for high risk psychologically debilitated patients, and thus favourably enhance their rehabilitation outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)883-888
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume12
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Jan 1991

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Causal attributions
  • Cross-cultural

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