היחסיות של הרוע החברתי באידיליה "כחום היום" של טשרניחובסקי

Translated title of the contribution: The Relativity of Social Evil in Tshernichovsky's Idyll 'Kehom Hayom'

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Composition in Tshernichovsky's "Kehom Hayom" plays a major role in forming the poem's idyllic effect. "Kehom Hayom" is a modern variation of the genre: idyllic topos is transformed from space and time into a mental stance, formed by composition and point of view. "Kehom Hayom" is clearly divided into three parts, different from each other in style and atmosphere. Elements of social criticism appear in the third part, which is narrative. Its fabula is a well-known motif from Russian, German and Jewish 19th century literature, where a child is a victim to social evil. The two descriptive anterior parts contain analogical situations to "the strangulation of childhood" depicted in the third one. In retrospective reading we get a gradual widening of perspective: Jewish family and society — Gentile society — nature. The two first parts prepare a double background to the story in the third one, enabling the reader to consider the evil done to Velvele from a wider perspective, thence from a more conciliated stance. The alternation of perspectives brings the reader to Velvele's story — the evil caused to the Jewish child — on the background of the consciousness to general social evil and to cosmic-metaphysical evil. Thus the poet prepares the reader to adopt Rabbi Simha's peace of mind.
Translated title of the contributionThe Relativity of Social Evil in Tshernichovsky's Idyll 'Kehom Hayom'
Original languageHebrew
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
Journalדפים למחקר בספרות
Volume3
StatePublished - 1986

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