The rise, demise, and rebirth of a workfare programme in Israel

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1 Scopus citations


In this article, I present an analysis of the conditions that led to the success of an NGO coalition to challenge and bring about the suspension of a workfare program in Israel. I compare the Israeli contention against workfare with similar mobilizations that took place in France and Germany, in order to identify conditions that may enhance challenges to the politics of conditionality. I argue that the success of collective action against a workfare programme in Israel was precipitated by the formation of a loose coalition of civil society organizations which succeeded in seizing opportunities, gaining access to institutionalized political systems, and mobilizing allies from the ranks of political elites. Moreover, I demonstrate these opportunities' fluidity, such that the loss of certain allies engendered the workfare programme's rebirth. The article concludes by outlining lessons that can be learned from this case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-75
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of International and Comparative Social Policy
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • Israel
  • neo-liberalism
  • protests
  • unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science


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