The risk of retinal vein occlusion among patients with neovascular age related macular degeneration: a large-scale cohort study

Orly Weinstein, Mouhammad Kridin, Khalaf Kridin, Oran Mann, Arnon D. Cohen, Ofira Zloto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the risk for retinal-vein-occlusion (RVO) in patients with neovascular age-related-macular-degeneration (AMD) as compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Method: This is a population-based, cohort study. The study encompassed 24,578 consecutive patients with neovascular AMD and 66,129 control subjects. Multivariate cox regression analysis was utilized to detect the risk of RVO among patients with neovascular AMD. Predictors of RVO in patients with neovascular AMD were identified using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Mortality of patients was assessed using Kaplan–Meier method. Results: The incidence rate of RVO was estimated at 1.25 (95% CI, 1.06–1.45) per 1000 person-years among patients with neovascular AMD and 0.25 (95% CI, 0.20–0.31) per 1000 person-years among controls. Patients with neovascular AMD were associated with an increased risk of RVO (adjusted HR, 4.35; 95% CI, 3.34–5.66; P < 0.001). Among patients with neovascular AMD, older age (≥79.0 years) was associated with a decreased risk of RVO (adjusted OR, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.37–0.70; P < 0.001), whilst a history of glaucoma increased the likelihood of RVO (adjusted OR, 2.66; 95% CI, 1.94–3.65; P < 0.001). Patients with neovascular AMD and comorbid RVO had a comparable risk of all-cause mortality relative to other patients with neovascular AMD (HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.67–1.22; P = 0.500) Conclusions: An increased risk of RVO was found among patients with neovascular AMD. Younger age and glaucoma predicted the development of RVO in patients with neovascular AMD. Awareness of this comorbidity is of benefit for clinicians as patients with neovascular AMD might be carefully examined for RVO signs and complications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEye
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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