The Role of Ageism in the Acceptance and Use of Digital Technology

Ittay Mannheim, Maria Varlamova, Yvonne van Zaalen, Eveline J.M. Wouters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Technology acceptance models associate older age with lower intention to use digital technology although this assumption is often stereotypically-based and not sufficiently tested with older persons. This study investigated the association of ageism (rather than chronological age) with behavioral intention and actual use of technology within the theoretical framework of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT-2) model. 374 Dutch-speaking participants aged 50–97 completed the UTAUT-2 questionnaire, Expectations Regarding Aging, Attitudes Toward Older Adults Using Technology (ATOAUT-11) and experienced ageism scales. A path analysis found that expectations regarding aging partially mediated the association of age with negative attitudes. Mixed results were found regarding the fit of the new UTAUT-2-Ageism model. Negative ATOAUT moderated the associations of Effort Expectancy, Facilitating Conditions, and Habit with Behavioral Intention to use technology, and the explained variance increased. Further research is warranted to fully identify the potential role of ageism in technology acceptance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1294
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • attitudes toward digital technology
  • experienced ageism
  • older persons
  • self-ageism
  • technology acceptance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Gerontology


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