The role of animal-based attractions in ecological sustainability: Current issues and controversies

Amir Shani, Abraham Pizam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the contribution of animal-based attractions to ecological causes - particularly wildlife conservation and environmental education - while portraying the debate regarding the legitimacy and effectiveness of these sites. Design/methodology/approach: An extensive literature review gives examples, demonstrating the potential of animal-based attractions to support the causes of ecological sustainability while raising the challenges, constraints, and limitations in utilizing them to the fullest. Findings: Opposition to animal-based attractions is fierce and should be understood and addressed by management and regional associations. Practical implications: Suggestions for improving the sites' operations are elaborated throughout the paper. Originality/value: The paper is of value to relevant stakeholders including zoological professionals and animal activists, and it can raise awareness of certain aspects that may not have received adequate attention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-298
Number of pages18
JournalWorldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Animals
  • Conservation
  • Education
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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