The role of cytosolic phospholipase A2-alfa in regulation of phagocytic functions

Rachel Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Phospholipase A2(s) (PLA2(s)) are a family of enzymes that is present in a variety of mammalian and nonmammalian sources. Phagocytic cells contain cytosolic PLA2 (cPLA2) as well as several types of secreted PLA2, all of which have the potential to produce proinflammatory lipid mediators. The role of the predominant form of cPLA2 present in neutrophils is cPLA2α was studied by many groups. By modulating its expression in a variety of phagocytes it was found that it plays a major role in formation of eicosanoids. In addition, it was reported that cPLA2α also regulates the NADPH oxidase activation. The specificity of its effect on the NADPH oxidase is evident by results demonstrating that the differentiation process as well as other phagocytic functions are normal in cPLA2α-deficient PLB cell model. The novel dual subcellular localization of cPLA2α in different compartments, in the plasma membranes and in the nucleus, provides a molecular mechanism for the participation of cPLA2α in different processes (stimulation of NADPH oxidase and formation of eicosanoids) in the same cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1323-1334
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2006


  • Eicosanoid
  • Monocyte
  • NADPH oxidase
  • Neutrophil
  • PLB cell
  • cPLA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'The role of cytosolic phospholipase A2-alfa in regulation of phagocytic functions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this