The role of dissociation in self-injurious behavior among female adolescents who were sexually abused

Rachel Lev-wiesel, Gali Zohar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The study aimed to examine the role of dissociation (persistent versus peritraumatic) in self-injurious behavior among at-risk Israeli female adolescents. In addition, the relationship between childhood sexual abuse, depression, dissociation, and potency was investigated. A convenience sample of 93 female adolescents aged 12 years to 18 years were recruited from institutions for at-risk adolescent girls in Israel. Participants were administered an anonymous self-report questionnaire that included six measures: Demographics, Dissociative Experiences Scale, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire, the Traumatic Events Questionnaire, and the Potency Scale. Results indicated that childhood sexual abuse increases the risk for self-injurious behavior more than threefold. Higher levels of persistent dissociation were found among girls who reported child sexual abuse compared to those who did not. Self-injurious behavior was predicted by persistent dissociation. Girls who engaged in self-injurious behavior had lower potency and higher depression levels, regardless of childhood sexual abuse history.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)824-839
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Child Sexual Abuse
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Childhood sexual abuse
  • Depression
  • Dissociation
  • Self-injurious behaviors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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